Republica de angola

As altitudes variam bastante, encontrando-se as zonas mais interiores entre os 1 e os 2 metros. Desdemais de mil imigrantes congoleses foram expulsos de Angola.

Com efeito, o regime acima descrito situa-se na categoria de sistema de partido dominante que tudo faz para perpetuar-se. O MPLA pode portanto neste momento governar com uma esmagadora maioria [ nota 17 ]. Uma pesquisa em concluiu que ter uma quantidade pequena ou deficiente de Niacina era comum em Angola. Ema expectativa de vida foi estimada em apenas A mortalidade infantil em foi estimada em Desde ehouve mil mortes relacionadas com a guerra civil. A taxa global de morte foi estimada em 24 por em A estradas deterioram-se devido ao conflito armado.

Com isto, Angola hoje destaca-se pelos mais diversos estilos musicais, tendo como principais: o Sembao Kuduroa Kizomba e a Rebita. Ver artigo principal: Reino do Ndongo. Ver artigo principal: Geografia de Angola. Ver artigo principal: Demografia de Angola. Ver artigo principal: Catolicismo em Angola.

Ver artigo principal: Economia de Angola. Ver artigo principal: Cultura de Angola. Ver artigo principal: Literatura de Angola. Oliveira Marques org. Consultado em 25 de agosto de Outubro de Least Developed Countries.

The Mbundu and their Neighbours under the Influence of the Portuguese. The Portuguese Conquest of Angola.

Composição do novo governo de Angola

Porto: Porto Editora. Consultado em 4 de Setembro de Dinheiro Digital. Committee for Refugees and Immigrants. NB: This figure is highly doubtful, as it makes no clear distinction between migrant workers, refugees, and immigrants. Consultado em 26 de outubro de Department of State.

NB: Estimations in put that number atand add abouttoother Europeans and Latin Americans. Inter Press Service. The Poitics of Numbersin: Africa Today21 4, pp.

republica de angola

Flight from AngolaThe Economist. Acessado em 26 de outubro de Etnias e culturas de Angola.Nationalfeiertag ist der Die Region um Luanda erhielt diesen Namen im Die Bezeichnung wurde Ende des Jahrhunderts auf die Region um Benguela ausgedehnt, im Jahrhundert dann auf das damals noch nicht umgrenzte Territorium, dessen koloniale Besetzung sich Portugal vornahm.

Der Osten Angolas wird vom Sambesi durchflossen. Von November bis April ist Regenzeit. Von dort teilt sich Angola in 5 Haupteinzugsgebiete auf. Die ersten Bewohner des heutigen Angola waren Khoisandie ab dem Erst Anfang des Jahrhunderts begann die systematische Eroberung und Besetzung des heutigen Territoriums, die erst Mitte der er Jahre abgeschlossen war. Eine weitere wichtige Komponente war der Handel.

Es ergab sich daraus eine bizarre Situation, die bis anhielt. Die Portugiesen waren mit Fast alle haben seither aber das Land verlassen. Portugiesisch ist Amtssprache in Angola. In Angola gibt es knapp Religionsgemeinschaften.

Aus der Kolonialzeit stammen auch verschiedene kleinere Gemeinschaften, so Lutheraner z. Mehr als 60 Moscheen im Land wurden geschlossen. Das oberste Gericht dient als Rechtsmittelinstanz. Mehrere Millionen Menschen waren direkt von Kriegshandlungen betroffen. Kritisiert wurde allerdings die chaotische Abhaltung der Wahlen vor allem in der Hauptstadt Luanda. Die Wahlen fanden dann am August statt. Am August fanden erneut Wahlen statt. In einigen Gemeinden ist es Frauen traditionell untersagt, eigenes Land zu besitzen und dieses zu kultivieren.

Bis ins Diese Bestimmungen wurden nicht nur abgeschafft, sondern die Diskriminierung auf Basis der sexuellen Orientierung wurde verboten.

___ Angola

In Wirklichkeit werden die Menschen mit anderen Ideen als jene der Regierung verfolgt und festgenommen. China bekomme immer mehr Einfluss in Angola.

republica de angola

Eine Orientierung auf rechtsstaatliche Standards ist nur schwach vorhanden, wie zum Beispiel auf das Recht auf Leben.It is the seventh-largest country in Africabordered by Namibia to the south, the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the north, Zambia to the east, and the Atlantic Ocean to the west. Angola has an exclave province, the province of Cabinda that borders the Republic of the Congo and the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

The capital and largest city of Angola is Luanda. The territory of Angola has been inhabited since the Paleolithic Erahosting a wide variety of ethnic groups, tribes and kingdoms.

The nation state of Angola originated from Portuguese colonisationwhich initially began with coastal settlements and trading posts founded in the 16th century. In the 19th century, European settlers gradually began to establish themselves in the interior. The Portuguese colony that became Angola did not have its present borders until the early 20th century because of resistance by groups such as the Cuamato, the Kwanyama and the Mbunda.

After a protracted anti-colonial struggleindependence was achieved in as the Marxist—Leninist People's Republic of Angolaa one-party state supported by the Soviet Union and Cuba. The sovereign state has since become a relatively stable unitarypresidential constitutional republic. Angola has vast mineral and petroleum reservesand its economy is among the fastest-growing in the world, especially since the end of the civil war; however, the standard of living remains low for most of the population, and life expectancy in Angola is among the lowest in the world, while infant mortality is among the highest.

A highly multiethnic country, Angola's Angolan culture reflects centuries of Portuguese rule, in the predominance of the Portuguese language and of the Catholic Church. The name Angola comes from the Portuguese colonial name Reino de Angola 'Kingdom of Angola'which appeared as early as Dias de Novais 's charter.

Ndongo in the highlandsbetween the Kwanza and Lukala Riverswas nominally a possession of the Kingdom of Kongobut was seeking greater independence in the 16th century. Modern Angola was populated predominantly by nomadic Khoi and San prior to the first Bantu migrations. The Khoi and San peoples were neither pastoralists nor cultivatorsbut rather hunter-gatherers. A number of political entities were established; the best-known of these was the Kingdom of the Kongobased in Angola, which extended northward to what is now the Democratic Republic of the Congothe Republic of the Congo and Gabon.

It established trade routes with other city-states and civilisations up and down the coast of southwestern and western Africa and even with Great Zimbabwe and the Mutapa Empirealthough it engaged in little or no transoceanic trade. The Portuguese established their primary early trading post at Soyowhich is now the northernmost city in Angola apart from the Cabinda exclave.

Benguela was fortified in and became a township in The Portuguese established several other settlements, forts and trading posts along the Angolan coast, principally trading in Angolan slaves for Brazilian plantations.

Local slave dealers provided a large number of slaves for the Portuguese Empire[13] usually in exchange for manufactured goods from Europe. This part of the Atlantic slave trade continued until after Brazil's independence in the s.

republica de angola

Despite Portugal's territorial claims in Angola, its control over much of the country's vast interior was minimal. Life for European colonists was difficult and progress slow.One World Nations Online. Flag of Angola. Location map of Angola. Background: Civil war has been the norm in Angola since independence from Portugal in A national unity government was installed in April ofbut serious fighting resumed in laterendering hundreds of thousands of people homeless.

Up to 1. Angola assumed a nonpermanent seat on the UN Security Council for the term. In an article from Marchthe New York Times wrote: "This is a country laden with oil, diamonds, Porsche-driving millionaires and toddlers starving to death.

New Unicef figures show this well-off but corrupt African nation is ranked No. Travel and Tour Consumer Information. Luanda Bay, seen from Ilha de Luanda, with the skyline of Luanda, the capital city of Angola, in background.

Angola is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean in west, Namibia in south, the Democratic Republic of the Congo former Zaire in north, and Zambia in the east. The exclave province of Cabinda is separated from Angola by a tongue of the Democratic Republic of the Congo and has also borders with the Republic of the Congo.

Angola has a population of Largest city and the national capital is Luanda. Spoken languages are Portuguese officialand several Bantu languages like Kikongo, Kimbundo, Tchokwe, Umbundo and others. Independence: 11 November from Portugal. Languages : Portuguese officialOvimbundu, Kimbundu, Bakongo, and others. Natural resources: Petroleum, diamonds, iron ore, phosphates, copper, feldspar, gold, bauxite, uranium.

Agriculture products: Bananas, sugarcane, coffee, sisal, corn, cotton, manioc tapiocatobacco, vegetables, plantains; livestock; forest products; fish. Industries: Petroleum; diamonds, iron ore, phosphates, feldspar, bauxite, uranium, and gold; cement; basic metal products; fish processing; food processing; brewing; tobacco products; sugar; textiles.

Exports - commodities: crude oil, diamonds, refined petroleum products, minerals, coffee, sisal, fish and fish products, timber, cotton. Exports partners: China Imports partners: China It is the seventh-largest country in Africabordered by Namibia to the south, the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the north, Zambia to the east, and the Atlantic Ocean to the west.

Angola has an exclave province, the province of Cabinda that borders the Republic of the Congo and the Democratic Republic of the Congo. The capital and largest city of Angola is Luanda. The territory of Angola has been inhabited since the Paleolithic Erahosting a wide variety of ethnic groups, tribes and kingdoms. The nation state of Angola originated from Portuguese colonisationwhich initially began with coastal settlements and trading posts founded in the 16th century. In the 19th century, European settlers gradually began to establish themselves in the interior.

The Portuguese colony that became Angola did not have its present borders until the early 20th century because of resistance by groups such as the Cuamato, the Kwanyama and the Mbunda. After a protracted anti-colonial struggleindependence was achieved in as the Marxist—Leninist People's Republic of Angolaa one-party state supported by the Soviet Union and Cuba.

The sovereign state has since become a relatively stable unitarypresidential constitutional republic. Angola has vast mineral and petroleum reservesand its economy is among the fastest-growing in the world, especially since the end of the civil war; however, the standard of living remains low for most of the population, and life expectancy in Angola is among the lowest in the world, while infant mortality is among the highest.

Hino Nacional de Angola

A highly multiethnic country, Angola's Angolan culture reflects centuries of Portuguese rule, in the predominance of the Portuguese language and of the Catholic Church.

The name Angola comes from the Portuguese colonial name Reino de Angola 'Kingdom of Angola'which appeared as early as Dias de Novais 's charter. Ndongo in the highlandsbetween the Kwanza and Lukala Riverswas nominally a possession of the Kingdom of Kongobut was seeking greater independence in the 16th century. Modern Angola was populated predominantly by nomadic Khoi and San prior to the first Bantu migrations.

The Khoi and San peoples were neither pastoralists nor cultivatorsbut rather hunter-gatherers. A number of political entities were established; the best-known of these was the Kingdom of the Kongobased in Angola, which extended northward to what is now the Democratic Republic of the Congothe Republic of the Congo and Gabon. It established trade routes with other city-states and civilisations up and down the coast of southwestern and western Africa and even with Great Zimbabwe and the Mutapa Empirealthough it engaged in little or no transoceanic trade.

The Portuguese established their primary early trading post at Soyowhich is now the northernmost city in Angola apart from the Cabinda exclave. Benguela was fortified in and became a township in The Portuguese established several other settlements, forts and trading posts along the Angolan coast, principally trading in Angolan slaves for Brazilian plantations.

Local slave dealers provided a large number of slaves for the Portuguese Empire[13] usually in exchange for manufactured goods from Europe.Angola shall be a sovereign and independent Republic, based on the dignity of the individual and the will of the Angolan people, whose primary objective shall be to build a free, just, democratic, solidary society of peace, equality and social progress. The Republic of Angola shall be a democratic state based on the rule of law and on the sovereignty of the people, the primacy of the Constitution and the law, the separation of powers and the interdependence of functions, national unity, pluralism of political expression and organisation, and representative and participatory democracy.

Political power shall be exercised by whoever legally obtains it through free democratic elections, under the terms of the Constitution and the law. The appropriation and exercise of political power by violent means or by any other means not stipulated in, or conforming to, the Constitution shall be illegal and punishable as a crime.

The territory of the Republic of Angola shall be as historically defined by the geographical borders of Angola on 11 Novemberthe date of National Independence. It may additionally be structured into communes and equivalent territorial divisions, under the terms of the Constitution and the law.

The law shall establish the structure, designation and development of urban units and agglomerations. No part of national territory or the rights of sovereignty which the state exerts over it may be transferred. Article 6 Supremacy of the Constitution and legality. The Constitution shall be the supreme law of the Republic of Angola. The state shall be subject to the Constitution and shall be based on the rule of law, respecting the law and ensuring that the law is respected.

Laws, treaties and other acts of the state, local government bodies and public bodies in general shall only be valid if they conform to the Constitution. The validity and legal force of custom which does not contradict the Constitution and does not threaten human dignity shall be recognised. The child of a father or mother with Angolan nationality, born in Angola or abroad, shall be an Angolan citizen by origin.

A newborn child found in Angolan territory shall be presumed an Angolan citizen by origin. No Angolan citizen by origin may be deprived of their original nationality. The requirements for the acquisition, loss or re-acquisition of Angolan nationality shall be established by law.

The Republic of Angola shall be a secular state and there shall be separation between state and church, under the terms of the law. The state shall recognise and respect the different religious faiths, which shall be free to organise and exercise their activities, provided that they abide by the Constitution and the laws of the Republic of Angola.

The state shall protect churches and faiths and their places and objects of worship, provided that they do not threaten the Constitution and public order and abide by the Constitution and the law. National security shall be based on the supremacy of the rule of law and legislation, development of the national security system and the strengthening of national will and shall guarantee to safeguard the state and ensure stability and development in the face of any threats or risks.

The state shall respect and protect the private property of individuals and corporate bodies and free economic and entrepreneurial initiatives exercised within the terms of the Constitution and the law. Access to and use of land by local communities shall be recognised by law. The provisions contained in the previous points do not compromise the possibility of expropriation for public use, with just compensation, under the terms of the law.

Through their objectives, programmes and activities, political parties must contribute towards:. The national symbols of the Republic of Angola shall be the national flag, the national insignia and the national anthem. The technical specifications and provisions concerning deference and the use of the national flag, national insignia and national anthem shall be established by law.

The official language of the Republic of Angola is Portuguese. Public Agenda Events Agenda. Request for Hearing Contact Center Contact us. Constituion of the Republic of Angola.After independence there was a civil war from to The war ended after the rebel leader was killed. Angola is the world's twenty-third largest country. Angola is bordered by Namibia to the south, Zambia to the east, the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the north-east, and the South Atlantic Ocean to the west.

It has two seasons; dry May to October and hot rainy November to April. Angola's population is estimated to be 18, Angola is divided into eighteen provinces. See List of settlements in Angola for the cities and towns in the country.

republica de angola

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Republic of Angola. Portuguese Forward Angola! For other uses, see Angola disambiguation. Retrieved 27 September United Nations.

Archived PDF from the original on 18 March Retrieved 12 March International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 17 April World Bank. Retrieved 2 March Countries and territories of Africa. Territories and dependencies. States with limited recognition.

Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic Somaliland. Categories : Angola Portuguese-speaking countries Least developed countries establishments in Africa. Hidden categories: CS1 errors: missing periodical Articles containing Portuguese-language text Pages using infobox country or infobox former country with the symbol caption or type parameters.

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